Thursday, November 28, 2019
Management Practices free essay sample
Who are Managers A manager is someone who coordinates and oversees the work of other people so that organizational goals can be accomplished. A managerÃ¢â¬â¢s job is not about personal achievements-it is about helping others do their work. That may mean coordinating the work of a departmental group, or it might mean supervising a single person. It could involve coordinating the work activities of a team of people from different departments or even people outside the organization, such as temporary employees or employees who work for organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s suppliers. A managerÃ¢â¬â¢s work may also include duties not related to coordinating and overseeing othersÃ¢â¬â¢ work. A manager is one who contributes to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals indirectly by directing the efforts of others-not by performing the task himself. We will write a custom essay sample on Management Practices or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page On the other hand, a person who is not a manager makes his contribution to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals directly by performing the task himself. What is Management Simply speaking, management is what managers do. Management involves coordinating and overseeing the work activities of others so that their activities are completed efficiently and effectively, by the people responsible for doing them. According to Mary Parker Follett, Ã¢â¬Å"Management is the art of getting things done through peopleÃ¢â¬ . (by being with them) Two weaknesses of Mary Parker FollettÃ¢â¬â¢s Definition are:- 1. It uses the word Ã¢â¬Å"artÃ¢â¬ in defining management. To say that management is merely an art is to state a half-truth. Art deals with the application of knowledge. Management is not merely application of knowledge. It also involves acquisition of knowledge i. e. science. Management based on rules of thumb or intuition is not correct management. 2. This definition does not throw light on various functions of a manager. George R Terry defines management as a process Ã¢â¬Å"consisting of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources. Ã¢â¬ This definition highlights:- 1. Management is a process-systematic way of doing things 2. Four management activities included in this process are: planning, organizing, actuating and controlling. 3. Planning means that managers think of their ctions in advance, which are usually based on some method, plan or logic, rather than on a hunch. Organizing means that managers coordinate the human and managerial resources of the organization. Actuating means that managers motivate and direct subordinates.